Apparel Science

How to Calculate Button Size

Calculating Button Sizes Button Size Button sizes are recognized worldwide with “L” or “ligne” which is a French term to measure length. A ligne measurement starts at 1 and is abbreviated to 1L. ligne is a linear unit (1/40 inch) used to measure diameter of buttons. The L is measured in 0.025 millimeters or 0.635 […]

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Calculating Stitching Floor Capacity

For supervisors and production managers is very important to know the floor capacity to plan their production efficiently.  Calculation of capacity is extremely straightforward however you should know the line efficiency. The other important factor to calculate floor capacity is manpower absenteeism %. Sewing room Capacity per Day= {(No. of machine x daily work hours x 60) – […]

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The 7 Tools of Quality

Quality is an integral factor in the growth and sustainability of any business. Efficient quality management which has the highest impact on customer experience is one of the most essential features for any business. The seven basic tools of quality also known as 7QC tools are very effective in quality management and quality assurance process. […]

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The Quality Quiz

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Bowing and Skewness in the Fabric

Bow: When weft yarns are even at two edges but arched across the middle is known as Bow. Bowing is a condition in the woven fabric where filling yarns are displaced from a line perpendicular to the selvages and lie in an arc across the width of the fabric. Bowing appears as rows of courses […]

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9 Point Calibration of Needle/Metal Detection Machine

In the garment and apparel industry, metal detecting machines are generally utilized to detect needles and small metal parts that may have been accidentally lodged in finished garments. Shipping garments with needles, sharp or other unwanted metal objects could result in blacklisting or heavy financial losses for the factories and bad publicity, product recall, financial […]

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Fabric Defects

In garment factories it very common that the garment quality inspectors are also responsible for fabric inspection. I experienced it many times that there is no adequate training and tools provided to these inspectors. The best and efficient way to train the inspectors is to provide the images of defect and the defect classification. This […]

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Needle Cut & Holes in Garments

Holes and needle cut is a commonly faced problem during garment manufacturing. Specially the garments with knit/jersey fabric, lightweight fabrics, a combination of lightweight/jersey fabric with heavy woven fabric are exposed to a higher risk of getting needle cut or holes during the production process. Wrong selection of machinery, needle, poor Garment handling during the […]

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Sweater: History and Morden Manufacturing

Sweater, outer garment, usually knitted or crocheted, worn on the upper part of the body, either over the head or with buttons on the front or back. Although woolen fabrics had been practiced by hand for about 2,000 years, it was not until the fifteenth century that the first knitted shirts or tunics were produced […]

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Down Jacket Basics Part -1

As you are already aware that A down jacket has been insulated with the soft feathers from duck or geese. Down is a very good insulator as the fluffiness of down creates thousands of tiny air pockets which trap warm air and retain heat, thus helping to keep the wearer very warm in cold winter […]

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